Innate Weakness vs. Evil

Download PDF

Growths of Darwinism followed by other supporting ideologies have smeared a dark and evil picture of human beings. Human beings have the intellectual abilities to control other human beings and animals. Therefore, the very ideas of innate evil, sexual and aggressive drives, and Original Sin are contradictory to the perfection in our creation.

“We have certainly created man in the best of stature; Then We return him to the lowest of the low, Except for those who believe and do righteous deeds, for they will have a reward uninterrupted.” (95:4-6)

Every creation has a weakness; similarly, every human being has been created with certain weaknesses. Even the most perfect men to walk on this earth, the prophets of Allah, have shown signs of weaknesses. Prophet Muhammad (S) went through a year of sorrow and sadness after the death of his family members. Prophet Yusuf almost fell into the trap of a woman.

“And she certainly determined [to seduce] him, and he would have inclined to her had he not seen the proof of his Lord. And thus [it was] that We should avert from him evil and immorality. Indeed, he was of Our chosen servants.” (12:24)

So where does evil come from? We know from Quran that Shaytan (Satan) is our open enemy. However, it is important to note that Shaytan is a jinn and therefore has no power over human beings, a superior creation. The only power Shayateen have over humans is through the weaknesses that exist inside us. Hence, evil emerges from the actions of human beings due to lack of self-control over their innate weaknesses. If we are able to understand and recognize these weaknesses, we can work on improving ourselves rendering Shaytan powerless.

In the Quran, Allah (SWT) has used several characteristics to describe the human being as listed below. These are weaknesses that human beings are born with. These are not innate to The Spirit of humans but are part of the creation itself. Perhaps these weaknesses emerge from our physical creation, Allah knows best.

  1.  Da’eef: weak, fragile, delicate, powerless
    “And Allah wants to lighten for you [your difficulties]; and mankind was created weak.” (4:28)
  2. Kafoor: ungrateful, hostile, despairing
    “And if We give man a taste of mercy from Us and then We withdraw it from him, indeed, he is despairing and ungrateful.” (11:9)
    “And when adversity touches you at sea, lost are [all] those you invoke except for Him. But when He delivers you to the land, you turn away [from Him]. And ever is man ungrateful.” (17:67)
    “And He is the one who gave you life; then He causes you to die and then will [again] give you life. Indeed, mankind is ungrateful.” (22:66)
    “But if they turn away – then We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], over them as a guardian; upon you is only [the duty of] notification. And indeed, when We let man taste mercy from us, he rejoices in it; but if evil afflicts him for what his hands have put forth, then indeed, man is ungrateful.” (42:48)
    “But they have attributed to Him from His servants a portion. Indeed, man is clearly ungrateful.” (43:15)
  3. Dhaloom: unjust, cruel, authoritative, unfair, harsh, oppressing, dishonest
    “And He gave you from all you asked of Him. And if you should count the favor of Allah, you could not enumerate them. Indeed, mankind is [generally] most unjust and ungrateful.” (14:34)
    “Indeed, we offered the Trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, and they declined to bear it and feared it; but man [undertook to] bear it. Indeed, he was unjust and ignorant.” (33:72)
  4. Khaseem: adversary, disputer, antagonist, hostile, opposing, arguing, striving for superiority, imitating others who are admired, executing punishment, competitive, aggressive, infringing, violating, invading
    “He created man from a sperm-drop; then at once, he is a clear adversary.” (16:4)
    “Does man not consider that We created him from a [mere] sperm-drop – then at once he is a clear adversary?” (36:77)
  5. ‘Ajoolaa: hasty, rushed, acting without careful consideration
    “And man supplicates for evil as he supplicates for good, and man is ever hasty.” (17:11)
    “Man was created of haste. I will show you My signs, so do not impatiently urge Me.” (21:37)
  6. A’rad: avoiding, distancing
    “And when We bestow favor upon the disbeliever, he turns away and distances himself; and when evil touches him, he is ever despairing.” (17:83)
    “And when We bestow favor upon man, he turns away and distances himself; but when evil touches him, then he is full of extensive supplication.” (41:51)
  7. Ya’oos: despairing, hopeless
    “And when We bestow favor upon the disbeliever, he turns away and distances himself; and when evil touches him, he is ever despairing.” (17:83)
    “Man is not weary of supplication for good [things], but if evil touches him, he is hopeless and despairing.” (41:49)
  8. Qatooraa: stingy, cheap
    “Say [to them], “If you possessed the depositories of the mercy of my Lord, then you would withhold out of fear of spending.” And ever has man been stingy.” (17:100)
  9. Jadalaa: contentious, argumentative, logical, combative, assertive, controversial
    “And We have certainly diversified in this Qur’an for the people from every [kind of] example; but man has ever been, most of anything, [prone to] dispute.” (18:54)
  10. Jahoolaa: foolish, uneducated, ignorant, uncultivated, in moral darkness, without the light of knowledge, unacquainted, unknowing, unaware, uninformed
    “Indeed, we offered the Trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, and they declined to bear it and feared it; but man [undertook to] bear it. Indeed, he was unjust and ignorant.” (33:72)
  11. Qanoot: despairing, hopeless, dishearted, desperate
    “Man is not weary of supplication for good [things], but if evil touches him, he is hopeless and despairing.” (41:49)
  12. Kaadihun: enthusiastic, intense, active, energetic, full of zeal
    “O mankind, indeed you are laboring toward your Lord with [great] exertion and will meet it.” (84:6)
  13. Yatghaa: transgressing, unfair, unrestricted, harsh, act without consultation, oppress, unjust
    “No! [But] indeed, man transgresses” (96:6)
  14. Kanood: ungrateful, unthankful, not expressing or feeling gratitude,
    “Indeed mankind, to his Lord, is ungrateful.” (100:6)